你们不要论断人,就不被论断

原文

Do not judge, and you will not be judged. Do not condemn, and you will not be condemned. Forgive, and you will be forgiven.

Give, and it will be given to you. A good measure, pressed down, shaken together and running over, will be poured into your lap. For with the measure you use, it will be measured to you.

翻译

你们不要论断人,就不被论断;你们不要定人的罪,就不被定罪;你们要饶恕人,就必蒙饶恕。

你们要给人,就必有给你们的,并且用十足的升斗,连摇带按,上尖下流地倒在你们怀里;因为你们用什么量器量给人,也必用什么量器量给你们。

出处

《圣经(The Bible)》新约(The New Testament)中的「路加福音(Luke)」。

解读

不知为何,圣经的文字充满了力量,那笃定如铁的话语,那锐利如刀的箴言,那毫无逻辑的故事,似乎每一个字里面都灌注了磅礴的力量。

即使作为马克思主义教导下长大,自认为理性客观注重逻辑,长年游荡在各种宗教神话中的我,也常常被其震动心灵。

我不知道这力量源于何处,在查阅诸多资料后,我仍然没有答案。如果你知道,一定要告诉我。

近些年,不知为何,网络上的戾气越来越重,每当看到网络上连绵不绝的战火和纷争,我总想起这句话来。

起初,我觉得互联网是一个宝藏,那里什么都有,什么都能找到,就像一片无边的乐土,透过网线,向我开了一扇窗户,有阳光洒落进来。

但随着技术的发展,从简单到复杂、从单一到多元、从精英到大众,它承载的东西越来越多。于是,曾经的乐土之上,无数人你来我往,争相践踏,枪炮轰鸣,硝烟弥漫。我明白,因为现实本就是这样,既是花园,也如战场,就如人心,既是地狱,也是天堂。

简而言之,互联网成熟了,从小桥流水的青涩,长成为海纳百川的宽广。

这一份宽广,盛装了无数人的爱与恨、喜与悲、梦想与欲望、感受与观点。对于我而言,它就是一个深渊,只要我深潜其中,就能触碰到人性最深处的幽暗,但同时,它又是一面镜子,在这里,我看到的不是他人,而是自己。

盯着这片深渊,对着这面镜子,我横竖睡不着,仔细看了半夜,我只看到了两个字 ——「评判(Judge)」。

我们喜欢评判人,我们也在乎别人怎么评判我;我们喜欢评判事物,我们也在乎别人怎么评判这件事。

评判就像一枚铁钉,我们用它把纷繁复杂的事实一锤钉死。让这个该死的蹦蹦跳跳的世界,稳定下来。只有稳定的世界,才是我们能够把握的世界,才是我们能够身心安顿的世界。

为了用小小的脑容量把握这个大大的世界,我们需要用评判来简化这个世界——好与坏、对与错、美与丑、善良与邪恶、贫穷和富有、普罗大众和权势滔天,没有评判,我们便无法理解这个复杂的世界。

可问题在于,我们太过于依赖自己的评判心,而媒体也太过于迎合我们的评判心。我常常看到,现实被情绪包裹得一层又一层,严严实实,我常常听见,无数人内心深处在狂啸,蔽日遮天。

以至于我们每天右手拿着锤子,左手抓着一大把铁钉,疯狂乱锤一通。可是,停下来,深呼吸,仔细一看,那浑身扎满铁钉的人,到底是谁?为什么越看越像自己?

我曾听闻一个故事,曾经,有一个大臣欠了国王很多钱没有还,于是国王准备把大臣抓起来,关进监狱,大臣于是向国王求情,请求宽限一些时日,国王应允了。大臣立即回到自己的府邸,把欠自己钱的人都抓了过来,关在自己的府邸里,任凭他们怎么请求宽限都不行。国王听闻了这件事,便立即让护卫把大臣抓了回来,扔进了监狱。

《圣经》里如此说道:

For if ye forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you.
But if ye forgive not men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses.

你们饶恕人的过犯,你们的天父也必饶恕你们的过犯;
你们不饶恕人的过犯,你们的天父也必不饶恕你们的过犯。

当我们论断别人时,我们也在暗地里论断自己。

当我们定别人的罪时,我们也在暗地里定下自己的罪。

当我们在饶恕别人时,我们也在暗地里宽恕自己

这个世界上,哪里有完美无缺的人呢?我们每个人,都可以被论断、被定罪,当然也可以被饶恕,如果只是为了宣泄自己的情感,就去随意论断、妄自定罪,毫无宽恕之心,那么终有一天,会陷入自己对自己无情的审判。

一位好的工匠,在钉钉子时,会知道它起什么作用,选怎样的钉子,该钉在哪里,用多大气力。而对于我自己,我至少希望在右手举起锤子时,能意识到左手钉子下的,其实不仅仅是他人,也是自己。

总结

评判心。

拓展阅读

Why do you look at the speck of sawdust in your brother’s eye and pay no attention to the plank in your own eye?
How can you say to your brother, ‘Brother, let me take the speck out of your eye,’ when you yourself fail to see the plank in your own eye? You hypocrite, first take the plank out of your eye, and then you will see clearly to remove the speck from your brother’s eye.

为什么看见你弟兄眼中有刺,却不想自己眼中有梁木呢?
你不见自己眼中有梁木,怎能对你弟兄说‘容我去掉你眼中的刺’呢?你这假冒为善的人!先去掉自己眼中的梁木,然后才能看得清楚,去掉你弟兄眼中的刺。

《圣经》路加福音(Luke) 6:41-6:42

Looking at his disciples, he said: “Blessed are you who are poor, for yours is the kingdom of God.
Blessed are you who hunger now, for you will be satisfied. Blessed are you who weep now, for you will laugh.
Blessed are you when men hate you, when they exclude you and insult you and reject your name as evil, because of the Son of Man.
Rejoice in that day and leap for joy, because great is your reward in heaven. For that is how their fathers treated the prophets.

But woe to you who are rich, for you have already received your comfort.
Woe to you who are well fed now, for you will go hungry. Woe to you who laugh now, for you will mourn and weep.
Woe to you when all men speak well of you, for that is how their fathers treated the false prophets.

But I tell you who hear me: Love your enemies, do good to those who hate you,
bless those who curse you, pray for those who mistreat you.
If someone strikes you on one cheek, turn to him the other also. If someone takes your cloak, do not stop him from taking your tunic.
Give to everyone who asks you, and if anyone takes what belongs to you, do not demand it back.

Do to others as you would have them do to you.

耶稣举目看着门徒,说:“你们贫穷的人有福了,因为神的国是你们的!
你们饥饿的人有福了,因为你们将要饱足!你们哀哭的人有福了,因为你们将要喜笑!
人为人子恨恶你们,拒绝你们,辱骂你们,弃掉你们的名,以为是恶,你们就有福了。
当那日,你们要欢喜跳跃,因为你们在天上的赏赐是大的!他们的祖宗待先知也是这样。

但你们富足的人有祸了,因为你们受过你们的安慰!
你们饱足的人有祸了,因为你们将要饥饿!你们喜笑的人有祸了,因为你们将要哀恸哭泣!
人都说你们好的时候,你们就有祸了,因为他们的祖宗待假先知也是这样!

只是我告诉你们这听道的人,你们的仇敌,要爱他!恨你们的,要待他好!
咒诅你们的,要为他祝福!凌辱你们的,要为他祷告!
有人打你这边的脸,连那边的脸也由他打。有人夺你的外衣,连里衣也由他拿去。
凡求你的,就给他。有人夺你的东西去,不用再要回来。

你们愿意人怎样待你们,你们也要怎样待人。

你们若单爱那爱你们的人,有什么可酬谢的呢?就是罪人也爱那爱他们的人。
你们若善待那善待你们的人,有什么可酬谢的呢?就是罪人也是这样行。
你们若借给人,指望从他收回,有什么可酬谢的呢?就是罪人也借给罪人,要如数收回。
你们倒要爱仇敌,也要善待他们,并要借给人不指望偿还,你们的赏赐就必大了,你们也必作至高者的儿子,因为他恩待那忘恩的和作恶的。
你们要慈悲,像你们的父慈悲一样。

《圣经》路加福音(Luke) 6:20-6:36

But Jesus went to the Mount of Olives.
At dawn he appeared again in the temple courts, where all the people gathered around him, and he sat down to teach them.
The teachers of the law and the Pharisees brought in a woman caught in adultery. They made her stand before the group
and said to Jesus, “Teacher, this woman was caught in the act of adultery. In the Law Moses commanded us to stone such women. Now what do you say?”

They were using this question as a trap, in order to have a basis for accusing him. But Jesus bent down and started to write on the ground with his finger.
When they kept on questioning him, he straightened up and said to them, “If any one of you is without sin, let him be the first to throw a stone at her.”
Again he stooped down and wrote on the ground.

At this, those who heard began to go away one at a time, the older ones first, until only Jesus was left, with the woman still standing there.
Jesus straightened up and asked her, “Woman, where are they? Has no one condemned you?”
“No one, sir,” she said. “Then neither do I condemn you,” Jesus declared. “Go now and leave your life of sin.”

于是各人都回家去了,耶稣却往橄榄山去。
清早又回到殿里,众百姓都到他那里去,他就坐下教训他们。
文士和法利赛人带着一个行淫时被拿的妇人来,叫她站在当中。
就对耶稣说:“夫子,这妇人是正行淫之时被拿的。摩西在律法上吩咐我们,把这样的妇人用石头打死。你说该把她怎么样呢?”

他们说这话,乃试探耶稣,要得着告他的把柄。耶稣却弯着腰用指头在地上画字。
他们还是不住地问他,耶稣就直起腰来,对他们说:“你们中间谁是没有罪的,谁就可以先拿石头打她。”
于是又弯着腰用指头在地上画字。

他们听见这话,就从老到少一个一个地都出去了,只剩下耶稣一人,还有那妇人仍然站在当中。
耶稣就直起腰来,对她说:“妇人,那些人在哪里呢?没有人定你的罪吗?”
她说:“主啊,没有。”
耶稣说:“我也不定你的罪,去吧!从此不要再犯罪了。”

《圣经(The Bible)》约翰福音(John) 8:1

For if ye forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you.
But if ye forgive not men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses.

你们饶恕人的过犯,你们的天父也必饶恕你们的过犯;
你们不饶恕人的过犯,你们的天父也必不饶恕你们的过犯。

《圣经(The Bible)》马太福音(Matthew) 6:14-6:15

So in everything, do to others what you would have them do to you, for this sums up the Law and the Prophets.

你们要别人怎样待你们,就得怎样待别人,这就是摩西法律和先知教训的真义。

《圣经(The Bible)》马太福音(Matthew)

子贡问曰:“有一言而可以终身行之者乎?”

子曰:“其恕乎!己所不欲,勿施于人。”

《论语(The Bible)》卫灵公篇 孔子

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你们不要论断人,就不被论断